"Wind Loads for Petrochemical Structures" by Samuel D...

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"Wind Loads for Petrochemical Structures" by Samuel D. Amoroso
LU | 2007 | ISBN: n/a | 265 pages | PDF | 6 MB
Petrochemical structures introduce geometric scales into wind tunnel model simulations below what are common for enclosed structures. Wind tunnel experiments were performed to help determine whether this will introduce problems in achieving dynamic similarity between models and prototypes.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
ABSTRACT
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 A Brief Description of the Problem
1.2 Goals and Objectives
1.3 The Organization of This Dissertation
1.4 Background
1.4.1 The Probabilistic Basis of Structural Engineering Practice
1.4.2 Wind Load Formulation
1.4.3 Velocity Pressure
1.4.4 Gust Effect Factor
1.4.5 Force Coefficient and Projected Area
1.5 Chapter Summary
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Wind Profile
2.3 Gust Effect Factor
2.4 Reynolds Number Effects in Wind Tunnel Testing
2.5 Force Coefficients
2.5.1 Open Frameworks
2.5.2 Partially Clad Structures
2.5.3 High-Solidity Open Frame Stxuctures
2.5.4 Vertical Vessels
2.6 Wind Load Statistics and Structural Reliability
2.7 Chapter Summary
CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Wind Tunnel Testing
3.2.1 LSU Wind Tunnel Laboratory
3.2.2 Instruments
3.2.3 Experimental Data Analysis
3.3 Analytical Wind Load Estimation
3.4 Reliability Analysis
3.5 Chapter Summary
CHAPTER 4: REYNOLDS NUMBER SENSITIVITY IN WIND TUNNEL TESTING
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Experimental Setup
4.3 Results and Discussion
4.3.1 Flow Visualization
4.3.2 Single Square Prism Pressure Measurements
4.3.3 Tandem Square Prism Pressure Measurements
4.3.4 Net Pressure Coefficients
4.4 Chapter Summary and Conclusions
CHAPTER 5: WIND LOADS FOR OPEN FRAME PETROCHEMICAL STRUCTURES
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Experimental Setup
5.3 Results
5.3.1 Empty Frame
5.3.2 Empty Frame with Floors
5.3.3 Frame with Floors and Equipment
5.3.4 Frame with Floors, Equipment, and Stairwell
5.3.5 Load Cases
5.3.6 Discussion
5.4 Chapter Summary and Conclusions
CHAPTER 6: WIND LOADS FOR FRAMEWORKS WITH PARTIAL CLADDING
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Experimental Setup
6.3 Results and Discussion
6.3.1 Smooth Flow Results
6.3.2 Results from Tests in Grid Turbulent Flow
6.3.3 Comparison of Results Obtained in Smooth and Turbulent Flow
6.3.4 Comparison of Partially Clad Model Results with Data for Similar Shapes
6.3.5 Results from Tests in Boundary Layer Flow
6.4 Chapter Summary and Conclusions
CHAPTER 7: WIND LOADS FOR HIGHER-SOLIDITY OPEN FRAME STRUCTURES
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Brief Literature Review
7.3 Analytical Considerations
7.4 Empirical Considerations
7.4.1 Comparison of Measurements with Analytical Method
7.4.2 Other Empirical Considerations
7.5 Upper Limit Force Coefficient
7.6 Chapter Summary and Conclusions
CHAPTER 8: WIND LOADS FOR VERTICAL VESSELS
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Experimental Procedure
8.2.1 Velocity Profile
8.2.2 Longitudinal Turbulence Intensity and Length Scale
8.2.3 Wind Tunnel Models
8.2.4 Wind Tunnel Blockage
8.2.5 Wind Tunnel Pressure Gradient
8.2.6 Reynolds Number Effects
8.2.7 Instrumentation
8.3 Test Results
8.4 Application of Test Results to Wind Load Calculations
8.5 Comparison of Wind Tunnel Test Results to Desk Methods
8.6 Chapter Summary and Conclusions
CHAPTER 9: WIND LOAD ANALYSIS UNCERTAINTY FOR PETROCHEMICAL STRUCTURES
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Selected Data Set
9.3 Characteristics of the Data Set
9.4 Reliability Analysis
9.5 Results and Discussion
9.9 Chapter Summary and Conclusions
CHAPTER 10: CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Literature Survey
10.3 Reynolds Number Sensitivity in Wind Tunnel Testing
10.4 Open Frame Structures
10.5 Partially Clad Structures
10.6 Higher-Solidity Open Frame Structures
10.7 Vertical Vessels
10.8 Wind Load Analysis Uncertainty
10.9 Final Remarks
REFERENCES
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